Understanding why a kid is exhibiting challenging behavior is one of the most important parts of helping him or her. Challenging behavior occurs when the demands of the environment exceed the skills a kid has to respond adaptively to those demands. So your first goal is to identify the specific lagging skills that are making it difficult for the challenging kid you're trying to help to respond adaptively to the demands being placed upon him or her. Viewing challenging behavior through the "lenses" of lagging skills is much more accurate, compassionate, and productive. Your next goal is to identify the specific conditions (these are called unsolved problems) under which challenging behavior is occurring. In other words, with whom, over what, where, and when are challenging episodes occurring? It's very hard to do Plan B without knowing the specific problems you're trying to solve. The goal of intervention is to solve those problems... collaboratively.
You can learn a lot more about lagging skills, unsolved problems, and Plan B on the website of Dr. Greene's non-profit, Lives in the Balance. You can also learn a lot about Dr. Greene's model by ordering a CD or DVD of one of his introductory trainings in the CPS Store. And if you need a one-page summary describing the model, CLICK HERE.
There are three instruments that can help you assess lagging skills, identify unsolved problems, and solve problems using Plan B. The first -- called the Assessment of Lagging Skills and Unsolved Problems (ALSUP) – is very useful for (you guessed it) identifying lagging skills and unsolved problems. Just click on the link below. The second instrument – called the Plan B Flowchart – is useful for keeping track of the unsolved problems you’re currently working on and where you are in the process of solving them. And the third -- the Plan B Cheat Sheet -- provides you with a lot of the pointers you'll want to keep in mind when you're solving problems using Plan B. These instruments are now available in multiple languages (see below)! Download the forms here, and then copy and use them...often!
Click here for the Assessment of Lagging Skills and Unsolved Problems (ALSUP, Revised 11-12-12)
Click here for the Plan B Flowchart
Click here for the Plan B Cheat Sheet (Revised 11-12-12)
Danish (CLICK HERE)
French (CLICK HERE)
Norwegian (CLICK HERE)
Spanish (CLICK HERE)
Swedish (updated) (CLICK HERE)